The battle of Cer First, we have to know the plans of both sides for war. Austro-Hungary: Austro-Hungarian General-stuff had two plans: Maximal case B and Minimal case B. Maximal case B would be done if it would be the lokal war against Serbia and Montenegro, and Minimal case B if Russia enter the war. First plan was offensive, with II Army on north, V Army on North-west, and VI Army on West. Second plan was defensive, with V Army on north, VI Army on west and II Army on the Russian front.
The plan to attack Serbia from west was made by the incluence of Politics, not by strategic reasons (Austro-Hungarians have feard of the possible Serbian rebbelion in Bosnia). Anyway, when war started, commander of Balkan Army feldzeigmeister Oscar von Potiorek decided to make offensive with only two Armies (V and VI), and gave this orders: V Army to cross Drina on 12th august and to advance along valleys of rivers Jadar (Јадар) and Lesnica (Лешница), and to conquer the center of noth-western Serbina, town Valjevo (Ваљево) by 18th august. On 18. august VI Army to advance towards Uzice (Ужице), and with another corps towards Pljevlja (Пљевља) in Montenegro. II Army on the North will make demonstative attacks to tide main Serbian forces until 18. august, when it will be transported to Russian front. Serbia: Serbian High command (Marshal radomir Putnik-the head; General Zivojin Misic-the assistant) made defensive plan with making counterattack when it become possible. They expected that Austro-Hungarians will attack from north along Morava or Kolubara valley. So they make this plan: Frontier squads (weak, mainly III cal units) had mission to defend the border until coming of the main forces. I Army (general Petar Bojovic) was in central Serbia around Smederevska Palanka ready to close Morva valley. II Army (general Stepa Stepanovic) was around Arandjelovac (Аранђеловац), ready to close the Kolubara valley. III Army (general Pavle Jurisic-Sturm) was around Valjevo, to defend the north-west of country. Uzice Army was defending the west borders. Austro-Hungarian offensive 12th-16th august Austro-Hungarian Army become offensive by plan, but advancing was very slow. Serbian III Army with only two divisions was very tough. On south west Serbian Uzice Army made a little offensive on Visegrad (Вишеград) with Montenegrian Sandzak Army.
II Army conquered Sabac (Шабац). While that, Serbian High command realised that main offensive is on the west, so it sent the II Army with its Moravian (Моравска) I call division and Combined division on mountain Cer to hit the left flank of Austro-Hungarian forces which had advanced along Jadar valley and with its Sumadinian (Шумадијска) I call division to retake Sabac. Cavalry division will be the connetction between those two groups. But Moravian I call division and Combined division, which formed Cer group in their attempt to hit the flank of forces in Jadar valley were advancing straight to the head of those Austro-Hungarian forces who had advanced along Lesnica (9. and 21. landwehr division) valley. The Cer battle (16th-20th august) Combined division was suprised when it came to the head of Austro-Hungarian 21. landwehr division. The first shooting was in the night 15/16th august near village Tekeris (Текериш). Moravian I call division was on the south of Combined division and fought against the head of the 9. division. Austro-Hungarian forces in Jadar valley advanced to village Zavlaka and conquered town Krupanj (Крупањ). In one moment Moravian I call division was forced to pull back. Combined division crushed 21. landwehr division and took the ridges Trojan and Kosanin grad on the top of the Cer mountain. So, it hitted the left flank of 9. division, and after that Cer group hitted the left flank of Austro-Hungarian forces in Jadar. The rest of the II Army retook Sabac and provice Macva (Мачва). The Austro-Hungarians was retreating in disorder. Totaly victory of small, but brave Serbian Army. Commander of II Army, Stepa Stepanovic (Степа Степановић) became a marshal (Војвода). Casaulties were hard for Serbia who was not recovered from Balkan wars: 4785 dead or missing and 11215 wounded.
Austro-Hungarians had 25000 killed and wounded and 4500 captured.
After the battle, composer Stanislav Binički (Станислав Бинички) made composition “March on Drina” (Марш на Дрину) On this “Serbian Marseillese” later was added the text, and it is today the most popular patriotic song in Serbia. Text (translated) To fight, go on all of you heroes, Go on and don’t regret your lifes Let Cer see the front, let Cer hear the battle and river Drina glory, courage and heroic hand of father and son! Sing, sing, Drina, you cold water, Remeber, tell when they were falling, Remember brave front, which is full of fire, force, power Banned the foreigner from our dear river! Sing, sing, Drina, tell the generations, how We were fighting brave, Front was singing, the battle was fought near cold water The blood was floating, blood was spilled on Drina because of freedom! On 1963. was made film March on Drina about Cer battle.
Memorial complex in village Tekeris (Текериш): http://img144.imageshack.us/img144/2945/dscn5475sh8.jpg On the memorial stone is written: “Your deeds are immortal!”